What are common Magento security best practices?

What are common Magento security best practices?

Magento Security Best Practices

1. Keep Magento and Extensions Updated

  1. Regular Updates:
    • Always run the latest version of Magento.
    • Regularly check for and apply security patches and updates from the Magento Security Center.
  2. Extension Updates:
    • Ensure all installed extensions are up-to-date.
    • Remove any unused or outdated extensions.

2. Use Strong Authentication

  1. Strong Passwords:
    • Use strong, unique passwords for all admin accounts.
    • Avoid using default usernames like "admin".
  2. Two-Factor Authentication (2FA):
    • Enable 2FA for all admin users to add an extra layer of security.
    • Navigate to Stores > Configuration > Security > Two Factor Auth to configure 2FA.

3. Secure Admin Panel

  1. Change Admin URL:
    • Change the default admin URL to something unique to obscure it from attackers.
    • Navigate to Stores > Configuration > Advanced > Admin > Admin Base URL.
  2. Enable CAPTCHA:
    • Enable CAPTCHA on the admin login page to prevent automated login attempts.
    • Navigate to Stores > Configuration > Advanced > Admin > CAPTCHA.

4. Use HTTPS/SSL

  1. SSL/TLS Certificate:
    • Obtain and install an SSL certificate from a trusted Certificate Authority (CA) to encrypt data transmission.
    • Configure Magento to use HTTPS by navigating to Stores > Configuration > General > Web.
  2. Enforce HTTPS:
    • Set Use Secure URLs on Storefront and Use Secure URLs in Admin to "Yes".
    • Ensure all URLs start with https://.

5. Secure Server Configuration

  1. File Permissions:
    • Set correct file permissions: directories should be 755 and files 644.
    • Restrict access to critical files like app/etc/env.php.
  2. Secure Access:
    • Use key-based SSH authentication instead of passwords.
    • Restrict access to the server by IP address.

6. Database Security

  1. Strong Credentials:
    • Use strong, unique passwords for database users.
    • Avoid using default database names and users.
  2. Limited Access:
    • Restrict database access to authorized IP addresses only.
    • Grant only necessary permissions to the database user.
  3. Regular Backups:
    • Schedule regular backups of the database and store them securely.

7. Data Encryption

  1. Encrypt