How do I secure my Magento installation?

Secure Your Magento Installation

1. Keep Magento and Extensions Updated

Regular Updates:

  • Magento Updates:
    • Ensure you are using the latest version of Magento. Regularly check for updates and apply security patches provided by Magento.
  • Extension Updates:
    • Keep all extensions and themes updated to their latest versions to avoid security vulnerabilities.

2. Use a Strong Admin Username and Password

Strong Credentials:

  • Change Default Admin URL:
    • Change the default admin URL from /admin to something unique.
    • Navigate to Stores > Configuration > Advanced > Admin > Admin Base URL.
  • Strong Passwords:
    • Use a strong, unique password for the admin account. Consider using a password manager to generate and store secure passwords.

3. Enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)

2FA Setup:

  • Install 2FA Extension:
    • Install the official Magento 2FA extension or a third-party 2FA extension from the Magento Marketplace.
  • Configure 2FA:
    • Navigate to Stores > Configuration > Security > Two Factor Auth to configure the 2FA settings.

4. Secure the Server

Server Security:

  • Use HTTPS:
    • Obtain and install an SSL certificate to encrypt data transmitted between your server and users.
  • File Permissions:
    • Set correct file permissions to ensure only necessary users have access to critical files.
    • Typically, set directories to 755 and files to 644.
  • Disable Directory Indexing:
    • Disable directory indexing to prevent attackers from viewing the contents of directories.

5. Implement Firewall and Security Extensions

Firewalls and Extensions:

  • Web Application Firewall (WAF):
    • Use a WAF to protect your site from common web threats. Cloudflare and Sucuri offer WAF services.
  • Security Extensions:
    • Install security extensions like Mageplaza Security Suite to enhance your store’s security.

6. Regular Backups and Monitoring

Backups and Monitoring:

  • Regular Backups:
    • Schedule regular backups of your Magento installation and database.
  • Monitor Activity:
    • Use monitoring tools to track and log all activities in your Magento store. Tools like New Relic can help with monitoring.

7. Secure Database

Database Security:

  • Change Database Prefix:
    • Use a unique table prefix for your Magento database during installation.
  • Secure Database Access:
    • Restrict database access to authorized IP addresses only.
  • Use Strong Database Password:
    • Ensure your database user has a strong password.

8. Secure File System and Code

File System and Code Security:

  • Disable Remote Code Execution:
    • Disable PHP execution in media directories.
  • Secure Configuration Files:
    • Ensure app/etc/local.xml is not accessible via the web.