How do I conduct a security audit of my Magento store?

Conducting a security audit of your Magento store is essential to identify potential vulnerabilities and ensure the security of your eCommerce platform. Here are the steps to conduct a comprehensive security audit:

1. Review Magento and Extension Updates

  1. Magento Version:

    • Ensure you are running the latest version of Magento.
    • Check for updates and apply any security patches from the Magento Security Center.
  2. Extension Updates:

    • Verify that all installed extensions are up-to-date.
    • Check the Magento Marketplace or the extension providers' websites for updates and apply them.

2. Assess Server Security

  1. Secure Access:

    • Ensure SSH access is secured with key-based authentication instead of passwords.
    • Restrict access to the server by IP address.
  2. Server Configuration:

    • Verify that your server software (e.g., Apache, Nginx, MySQL) is up-to-date.
    • Ensure proper file permissions are set: directories should typically be 755 and files 644.
    • Disable unnecessary services and ports.
  3. Web Server Configuration:

    • Review .htaccess or nginx.conf for proper configurations to prevent directory listing and enforce security headers.

3. Magento Configuration

  1. Admin URL:

    • Change the default admin URL to a custom one to obscure it from potential attackers.
    • Navigate to Stores > Configuration > Advanced > Admin > Admin Base URL.
  2. Two-Factor Authentication (2FA):

    • Ensure 2FA is enabled for all admin users.
    • Navigate to Stores > Configuration > Security > Two Factor Auth to configure 2FA settings.

    • Enable CAPTCHA on the admin login page to prevent automated login attempts.
    • Navigate to Stores > Configuration > Advanced > Admin > CAPTCHA.

4. Review User Roles and Permissions

  1. User Accounts:

    • Review all admin user accounts and ensure they are necessary.
    • Remove or disable any outdated or unused accounts.
  2. Roles and Permissions:

    • Ensure that each user has the minimum necessary permissions.
    • Navigate to System > Permissions > User Roles to review and adjust roles.

5. Database Security

  1. Database Credentials:

    • Use strong passwords for database users.
    • Avoid using default usernames and databases.
  2. Database Access:

    • Restrict database access to specific IP addresses.
    • Ensure the database user has only the necessary privileges.
  3. Regular Backups:

    • Ensure regular backups of the database are being taken and stored securely.

6. Data Encryption

  1. SSL/TLS:

    • Ensure that SSL/TLS is enabled and properly configured.
    • Check for mixed content warnings and resolve them.
  2. Data Storage:

    • Verify that sensitive data (e.g., passwords) is encrypted in the database.
    • Ensure Magento is using secure hash algorithms for passwords.

7. Implement Security Extensions

  1. Security Extensions:

    • Consider installing security extensions like Mageplaza Security Suite or Amasty Security Suite to add additional layers of protection.
  2. Web Application Firewall (WAF):

    • Implement a WAF to filter and monitor incoming traffic for malicious activities.

8. Monitor and Audit Logs

  1. Log Review:

    • Regularly review server and application logs for suspicious activities.
    • Check logs for failed login attempts, unexpected file changes, and unauthorized access.
  2. Automated Monitoring:

    • Use monitoring tools like New Relic, Nagios, or server-specific tools to automate the monitoring of logs and server health.

9. Conduct Vulnerability Scans

  1. Automated Scans:

    • Use tools like Nessus, OpenVAS, or Acunetix to scan your website for vulnerabilities.
  2. Manual Testing:

    • Perform manual testing to check for common vulnerabilities such as SQL injection, XSS, and CSRF.

10. Educate and Train Staff

  1. Security Awareness:
    • Educate your staff on the importance of security and best practices.
    • Conduct regular training sessions on recognizing phishing attacks and other social engineering tactics.


  • Review Magento and extension updates regularly.
  • Assess and secure server configurations.
  • Configure Magento settings for security, including admin URL, 2FA, and CAPTCHA.
  • Review and adjust user roles and permissions.
  • Ensure database security and encryption.
  • Implement security extensions and WAF.
  • Monitor and audit logs regularly.
  • Conduct vulnerability scans.
  • Educate and train staff on security best practices.